Ariana Valacco, Staff Writer
The 1980s and 1990s Genres
New Wave: As the punk detonation faded away, punk rock integrated its durable melodic
elements and sarcasm into pop music, creating a synthesiser-driven pop style jam-packed with melody and assertiveness.
Eurythmics – Sweet Dreams (Are Made Of This)
a-ha – Take on Me
Rap: a style of popular music, developed by disc jockeys and urban hipsters in the late
1970s and 1980s, where a recurring beat pattern provides the background and
counterpoint for rapid rhyming patterns intoned by a rapper.
The Sugar Hill Gang – Rapper's Delight
Grandmaster Flash & The Furious Five – The Message
Hi-NRG: A musical style of dance music conceived in the late 1970s but perfected in the
1980s notably by the English production team Stock, Aitken and Waterman(SAW). Hi-
NRG is an upbeat style heavily influenced by disco, funk, and New Wave, characterized
by ostinato (a wide melodic range) synthesised bass, drum machines and heavily
Rick Astley – Never Gonna Give You Up
Bananarama – Venus. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NkcU2_Vs7Xw&index=134&list=PLoEZtZ7se7qKfSc5k6L
House: An electronic music genre created by DJs and producers in Chicago during the
early 1980s. Generally characterised no matter the “subgenre” by 4/4 beats,mid-tempo
drum machine rhythms, synthesized bass, and offbeat cymbals(Hi-hat to be specific).
M|A|R|R|S – Pump Up the Volume
Glam Rock: Beginning in the 70s, but peaking in the 80s, glam rock was on the pop
influenced edge of the metal spectrum Glam rock surprisingly was a cultural and
a commercial phenomenon where stars of the genre captured the hearts of fangirls
David Bowie-The Jean Genie
The Sweet-The Ballroom Blitz
P-Funk: A genre of funk developed by the group Parliament-Funkadelic. The style is
characterized by electric bass lines, discreet drums, and piercing synthesiser melodies
transporting the hook. The style became prevalent in rap music during the early 90s as an alternative to sampling other people’s beats before gradually transitioning into other
western pop music genres.
Parliament-Funkadelic- Give up the Funk
Grunge: A rock subgenre that emerged during the mid-1980s in Washington State
characterized by distorted guitars, nihilistic lyrics, and anguished vocals.
Nirvana – Smells Like Teen Spirit
The Smashing Pumpkins – Today
Shoegaze/Dreampop: A pop music style that originated in the United Kingdom
characterized by layers of wall-of-noise distortion aiming for an introspective, ethereal
sonic landscape. The name “shoegaze” comes from the lack of stage presence the
performers of this genre had, often staring downwards at their shoes during concerts.
Cocteau Twins – Carolyn's Fingers
K-Trance- Hey Hey
Trance: An electronic music genre that developed in 1990s Germany that is
characterized by a tempo between 125 and 150 BPM, repeating melodic phrases, and a
musical form where tensions build and cumulate to 1 or 2 “peaks” or drops”.
Drum & Bass/Jungle: A electronic music style from the mid-90s that has quickly fallen out of fashion that featured fast breakbeats and heavy synth basslines.
Origin Unknown -Valley of the Shadows
High Contrast-Racing Green
Visual Kei: A Japanese metal style that reproduced the glam flair of 80s hair-metal bands
but with amped musical contrast and the gender ambiguity. The core musical
dissimilarity between Visual Kei and western glam rock is dynamic contrast, the heavier
songs are much wilder and heavier, and the ballads are soft and corny.
Metalcore: A popular metal style that combines rhythms and vocal approach to
excessive metal styles with the simple riffing of punk.
Bullet for my Valentine-Waking the Demon
Dubstep: a fleetingly fashionable electronic style featuring midrange prominent analog
synth riffs, a wobbling “wub” bass, and sparse, slow, beats. The tempo is usually around
132-142 BPM and the syncopated rhythm incorporates tuplets and shuffles.
Skrillex- Bangarang feat. Sirah
Tropical House: A subgenre of house that has a slower tempo(around 110-115 bpm),
instrumentation involving horns, saxophones, marimbas, pan flute, and steel drums.
Trap/Crunk: An aptly named genre that developed in the early 90s but is starting to gain
mainstream traction two decades later typified by slow synth beats and rhymes,
superimposed with sound effects and rapid hi-hat subdivisions.
CL-The Baddest Female
Electro: A retro style that revisited various 80s sounds, most particularly gated drum
machines and substantial synthesisers, improved with modern songwriting and
La Roux-In for the Kill
T-ara- Like the First Time
Ennio Morricone Style: Ennio Morricone is a renowned composer responsible for the
soundtrack of The “Dollars” trilogy of Spaghetti Western films. His style melds 50s style
surf and tremolo guitar, powerful orchestration, and theatrical melodies.
Mina – se telefonando
Pet Shop Boys – It couldn't happen here
Mid-Tempo Ballad: Has the emotional feel of a sensitive song utilizing the same soaring
melodies but at a quicker pace.
1927- If I could
Soreal-My Heart Says
T-ara- I know the Feeling
Ballad: Slow and emotional songs often about romance, breakups or unrequited desire.
John Legend – All of Me
Red Velvet-One of These Nights